The efficacy of guanfacine in reducing perioperative hemodynamic changes and volatile anesthetic requirement

Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
K NishinaH Obara


To evaluate the efficacy of guanfacine, an alpha 2-adrenergic agonist, for attenuating hemodynamic changes associated with tracheal intubation or extubation, providing intraoperative hemodynamic stability, and reducing inhalation anesthetic requirement in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Inpatient gynecology at a university hospital. 45 women (ASA I) undergoing elective abdominal hysterectomy. Guanfacine and placebo supplementation. Oral guanfacine at 0.5 or 1 mg or a placebo (control) 3 hours before induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with thiamylal 5 mg/kg and vecuronium 0.2 mg/kg, and maintained with isoflurane and 50% nitrous oxide (N2O) in oxygen. The inspired isoflurane concentration was maintained at 1% during the first 5 minutes following induction of anesthesia and titrated to the concentration required to maintain hemodynamic stability [defined as +/- 10% of systolic blood pressure (SBP)]. The end-tidal concentration of isoflurane was monitored throughout anesthesia. On completion of surgery, N2O and isoflurane were discontinued. Following confirmation of recovery from anesthesia and muscle relaxation, the endotracheal tube was removed. Patients i...Continue Reading


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