PMID: 198109Oct 1, 1977Paper

The epidemiology of oral cavity, pharyngeal and esophageal cancer outside of North America and Western Europe

Cancer
E Mahboubi

Abstract

Geographical variations in the incidence of oral cavity, pharyngeal, and esophageal cancer were studied, with special reference to rates in countries outside of the United States and Western Europe. Although reporting techniques differ greatly and comparisons must be made with caution, significant variations are evident. Tracing such differences often reveals possible etiologic factor for these forms of cancer. The roles are discussed of known environmental carcinogens, such as N-nitroso compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and such cultural habits as smoking or chewing tobacco, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, as well as other possible factors in the etiology of these cancer types.

References

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Citations

May 13, 1982·The New England Journal of Medicine·J Decker, J C Goldstein
Jun 15, 1990·Cancer·J K ChenD J Krutchkoff
Feb 1, 1983·Journal of Oral Pathology·W H BinnieI C Mackenzie
Mar 23, 2017·European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery·Manupol TangthongkumPeesit Leelasawatsuk
Jan 1, 2001·Biomarkers : Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals· M J Roth Y-L Qiao N Rothman J A Tangrea S M Dawsey G-Q Wang S-H Cho D Kang P R Taylor P T Strickland

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