Nov 1, 1994

The etiology of pneumonia in malnourished and well-nourished Gambian children

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Richard A AdegbolaE Kim Mulholland

Abstract

During a 2-year period 159 malnourished children ages 3 months to 5 years with radiologic evidence of pneumonia were investigated to determine the cause of their pneumonia. In addition 119 malnourished children without pneumonia, 119 well-nourished children with pneumonia and 52 well-nourished children without pneumonia were studied as controls. Percutaneous lung aspiration was performed on 35 malnourished and 59 well-nourished children with pneumonia. Bacteria were isolated from the blood, lung or pleural fluid of 28 (18%) malnourished children with pneumonia, 42 (35%) well-nourished children with pneumonia and from the blood of 5 (4%) malnourished children without pneumonia. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, which were the two organisms isolated most frequently in both groups of children with pneumonia, were found in 17 (11%) malnourished and 39 (33%) well-nourished children with pneumonia. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected in 5 malnourished children with pneumonia. A potentially pathogenic virus was identified in 35% of malnourished children with pneumonia and 40% of well-nourished children with pneumonia, and from 25% of children without pneumonia. The viruses identified most frequently were adenovi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Haemophilus influenzae
Meningitis, Haemophilus
Lung
Pathogenic Organism
Etiology
Nutritional Status
Malnutrition
Experimental Lung Inflammation
Pulmonary Aspiration

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