The factors associated with mode of delivery in fetuses with congenital heart defects

The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
Mehmet Resit AsogluOzhan M Turan

Abstract

It is not evident whether the mode of delivery (MOD) should be modified in pregnancies complicated by fetal congenital heart defects (CHDs). The question as to whether MOD of CHD infants has a significant impact on neonatal outcome remains elusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with MOD and its impact on immediate neonatal outcomes in a cohort of late preterm or term fetuses with CHDs born in a tertiary center. This retrospective study comprised of singleton pregnancies with known fetal CHDs who delivered after 34 0/7 weeks of gestation over a 7-year period. Fetuses with chromosomal abnormality or stillbirths were excluded. Obstetric risk factors were classified as maternal medical, maternal surgical or fetal comorbidities. MOD was classified as elective cesarean delivery (CD) or attempted vaginal delivery (VD). The latter was further categorized as successful VD or intrapartum CD. The study population was stratified into four categories based on the severity of cardiac abnormalities diagnosed by fetal echocardiography. Immediate neonatal outcomes included Apgar scores and umbilical cord artery pH. Of a total of 222 patients, 79.8% underwent attempted VD and 20.2% had elective CD. Of the attempted VD ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Chromosomes
Coronary Heart Disease
Fetus
Congenital Heart Defects
Pregnancy Complications
Retrospective Studies
Vagina
Drug Delivery Systems
Fetal Echocardiography
Elective Cesarian Delivery Procedure

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Birth Defects

Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.

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