Mar 1, 1976

The fetal renin-angiotensin system in normal and hypertensive pregnancy

Israel Journal of Medical Sciences
F Broughton PipkinD J Craven


Plasma angiotensin II was measured in the umbilical cord arterial and/or venous blood of 54 babies delivered vaginally and in 12 delivered by elective lower segment cesarean section. Angiotensin II was also measured in the peripheral venous blood of 51 of the mothers. Mean angiotensin II levels at delivery were higher in the cord venous blood of infants born to hypertensive than to normotensive mothers. Cord venous angiotensin II levels were always higher than those of the mother and there was a strongly positive relationship between maternal and fetal angiotensin II. The duration of the second stage of labor was found significantly to affect fetal angiotensin II levels, prolonged labor being associated with high levels. When this was taken into account, there was a highly significant positive relationship between the body weight of the infants and cord venous angiotensin II levels. There was an inverse relationship between cord venous pH and angiotensin II levels. Babies delivered by lower segment cesarean section had much lower angiotensin II levels than those delivered vaginally. The levels were, however, twice as high as those in the nonpregnant adult.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Prolonged Labor
Venous Blood Substance
Portion of Venous Blood
Renin-Angiotensin Pathway
Weighing Patient
Umbilical Cord Structure
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
Entire Umbilical Cord
Angiotensin II, Val(5)-

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