Mar 7, 2007

The FLOWERING LOCUS T-like gene family in barley (Hordeum vulgare)

Genetics
Sébastien FaureDavid A Laurie

Abstract

The FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene plays a central role in integrating flowering signals in Arabidopsis because its expression is regulated antagonistically by the photoperiod and vernalization pathways. FT belongs to a family of six genes characterized by a phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein (PEBP) domain. In rice (Oryza sativa), 19 PEBP genes were previously described, 13 of which are FT-like genes. Five FT-like genes were found in barley (Hordeum vulgare). HvFT1, HvFT2, HvFT3, and HvFT4 were highly homologous to OsFTL2 (the Hd3a QTL), OsFTL1, OsFTL10, and OsFTL12, respectively, and this relationship was supported by comparative mapping. No rice equivalent was found for HvFT5. HvFT1 was highly expressed under long-day (inductive) conditions at the time of the morphological switch of the shoot apex from vegetative to reproductive growth. HvFT2 and HvFT4 were expressed later in development. HvFT1 was therefore identified as the main barley FT-like gene involved in the switch to flowering. Mapping of HvFT genes suggests that they provide important sources of flowering-time variation in barley. HvFTI was a candidate for VRN-H3, a dominant mutation giving precocious flowering, while HvFT3 was a candidate for Ppd-H2, a major QTL...Continue Reading

  • References45
  • Citations106

References

  • References45
  • Citations106

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Hordeum vulgare antigen
Biochemical Pathway
Quantitative Trait Loci
Genes, Plant
Plant Carpals
Rice (Dietary)
PEBP1 gene
Arabidopsis
Tertiary Protein Structure
Oryza sativa

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