PMID: 9238605Feb 1, 1997Paper

The French clinical guidelines and medical references programme: development of 48 guidelines for private practice over a period of 18 months

Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
H MaisonneuveY Matillon


The French medical profession and health insurance organizations have jointly committed themselves to a concept termed the 'medical regulation' of care. They decided to promote the quality of health care, judging that an approach based on quality was the best option for reducing the increase in health costs. The Clinical Guidelines and Medical References programme was entrusted to ANDEM (Agence Nationale pour le Développement de L'Evaluation Médicale). Fifty working groups (669 experts) and 50 reading groups (1643 experts) met from June 1994 to November 1995 to produce guidelines. Learned societies were involved to propose experts. Hospital practitioners, doctors who specialized in the topic in question and those who did not had equal representation in the groups. The method consisted of a review of the literature to determine the level of scientific evidence. ANDEM's Scientific Council suggested modifications to the groups and agreed to disseminate 48 of the 50 texts. Careful observation of the operation of the groups identified factors that can positively influence the nature of the discussions and help avoid conflict: an abundance of high-quality literature, an understanding of clinical research methodology, the existence of...Continue Reading


Jul 22, 1995·BMJ : British Medical Journal·R ThomsonR Madhok
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Sep 28, 1996·BMJ : British Medical Journal·H MaisonneuveY Matillon

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