The Frequency and Reason For Amputations in Electrically Burned Pediatric Patients

Journal of Burn Care & Research : Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Christian TapkingLudwik K Branski

Abstract

Electrical injuries induce substantial morbidity and mortality. Amputations are often necessary to enable survival and based on tissue nonviability, development of life-threatening infection, or expected nonfunctional outcome. They analyzed occurrence and type of amputations in their institution for electrical and nonelectrical pediatric burns and the number of reconstructive operations. Patients who underwent any amputation between 1999 and 2017 were identified. Patients with electrical burns (EB) were matched regarding age, sex, and percent total body surface area (%TBSA) burned to patients with nonelectrical burns (NEB). Both groups (n = 35 EB, n = 70 NEB) were comparable regarding age (EB, 11.6 ± 4.5 years; NEB, 11.1 ± 4.5 years, P = .550) and %TBSA (36.7 ± 15.4% and 37.7 ± 12.9%, P = .738). Major amputations (above wrist or ankle) were performed in 77% of EB vs 31% of NEB (P < .001). Amputations above knee or elbow were performed in 13 (37.1%) vs two patients (2.9%, P < .001). Eight (22.9%) vs six patients (8.6%) underwent combination of two or more major amputations (P = .042). In both groups, most amputations were performed for functional reasons. Length of stay was shorter in EB group (33 ± 27 vs 47 ± 38 days, P = .040)...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 22, 2019·Journal of Burn Care & Research : Official Publication of the American Burn Association·Colleen N BartleyAnthony Charles

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