The general impact of haploinsufficiency on brain connectivity underlies the pleiotropic effect of neuropsychiatric CNVs

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Clara MoreauS. Jacquemont

Abstract

Large effect-size mutations such as copy number variants (CNVs) have the potential to provide key insights into the underlying biological mechanisms linking deleterious genetic variants to brain architecture and neuropsychiatric disorders. To date, the effect of CNVs on functional brain connectivity remains mostly unstudied, and findings are derived from analyses conducted one mutation at a time. The lack of systematic cross-CNV comparisons hinders our understanding of any potential general mechanisms linking CNVs to effects on brain organization. We performed connectome-wide analyses using resting-state functional MRI data from 436 carriers of neuropsychiatric CNVs at the 1q21.1, 15q11.2, 16p11.2, 22q11.2 loci, and 4 neutral-effect CNVs, 66 carriers of scarcer neuropsychiatric CNVs, 756 individuals with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder (ASD), schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and 5,377 controls. Neuropsychiatric CNVs showed global shifts of mean connectivity. The effect size of CNVs on relative connectivity (adjusted for the mean) was correlated with the known level of neuropsychiatric risk conferred by CNVs. We reported architecture similarities between individuals with idiopathic psychiatric conditi...Continue Reading

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Gene Deletion
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