Aug 19, 2014

The genomic landscape of polymorphic human nuclear mitochondrial insertions

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gargi DayamaRyan E Mills

Abstract

The transfer of mitochondrial genetic material into the nuclear genomes of eukaryotes is a well-established phenomenon. Many studies over the past decade have utilized reference genome sequences of numerous species to characterize the prevalence and contribution of nuclear mitochondrial insertions to human diseases. The recent advancement of high throughput sequencing technologies has enabled the interrogation of genomic variation at a much finer scale, and now allows for an exploration into the diversity of polymorphic nuclear mitochondrial insertions (NumtS) in human populations. We have developed an approach to discover and genotype previously undiscovered Numt insertions using whole genome, paired-end sequencing data. We have applied this method to almost a thousand individuals in twenty populations from the 1000 Genomes Project and other data sets and identified 138 novel sites of Numt insertions, extending our current knowledge of existing Numt locations in the human genome by almost 20%. Most of the newly identified NumtS were found in less than 1% of the samples we examined, suggesting that they occur infrequently in nature or have been rapidly removed by purifying selection. We find that recent Numt insertions are deri...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Study
Genome
DNA, Mitochondrial
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Site
Genomics
Sequencing
Mitochondria
Loop

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