The global burden of mental disorders: an update from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys

Epidemiologia e psichiatria sociale
Ronald C KesslerPhilip S Wang

Abstract

The paper reviews recent findings from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys on the global burden of mental disorders. The WMH surveys are representative community surveys in 28 countries throughout the world aimed at providing information to mental health policy makers about the prevalence, distribution, burden, and unmet need for treatment of common mental disorders. The first 17 WMH surveys show that mental disorders are commonly occurring in all participating countries. The inter-quartile range (IQR: 25th-75th percentiles) of lifetime DSM-IV disorder prevalence estimates (combining anxiety, mood, externalizing, and substance use disorders) is 18.1-36.1%. The IQR of 12-month prevalence estimates is 9.8-19.1%. Prevalence estimates of 12-month Serious Mental Illness (SMI) are 4-6.8% in half the countries, 2.3-3.6% in one-fourth, and 0.8-1.9% in one-fourth. Many mental disorders begin in childhood-adolescence and have significant adverse effects on subsequent role transitions in the WMH data. Adult mental disorders are found to be associated with such high role impairment in the WMH data that available clinical interventions could have positive cost-effectiveness ratios. Mental disorders are commonly occurring and often ser...Continue Reading

References

Jul 1, 1995·The American Journal of Psychiatry·R C KesslerP E Stang
Oct 27, 1997·The American Journal of Psychiatry·R C KesslerE E Walters
Jan 1, 1997·International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine·A C LeonD V Sheehan
Aug 12, 1998·The American Journal of Psychiatry·R C KesslerM S Forthofer
Aug 24, 1999·The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry·P E GreenbergA J Fyer
Sep 13, 2001·International Clinical Psychopharmacology·K M Connor, J R Davidson
Apr 10, 2002·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·T Furmark
Apr 23, 2002·The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics·Patrizia BertoFortunato Rizzo
May 4, 2002·Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology·Andreas Maetzel, Linda Li
Jul 10, 2002·Psychological Medicine·G E SimonT B Ustün
Dec 16, 2003·Journal of Affective Disorders·Jacques Mylle, Michael Maes
Apr 7, 2004·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·Paul WaraichLorena Hsu
Apr 22, 2004·PharmacoEconomics·Shelby D ReedDouglas C McCrory
Aug 7, 2004·International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research·Ronald C Kessler, T Bedirhan Ustün
Oct 12, 2004·Journal of Anxiety Disorders·James P HambrickMichael R Liebowitz
Mar 30, 2005·Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy·Paul E Greenberg, Howard G Birnbaum
Jun 18, 2005·European Neuropsychopharmacology : the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Frank Jacobi
Sep 21, 2005·Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America·Wendy K Silverman, Jacqueline Moreno
Feb 28, 2006·Nordic Journal of Psychiatry·Peter Skeppar, Rolf Adolfsson
May 2, 2006·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·Oye GurejeVictor A Makanjuola
Sep 2, 2006·The American Journal of Psychiatry·Ronald C KesslerPhilip S Wang
Sep 23, 2006·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·Julian M SomersLorena Hsu
May 22, 2007·CNS Spectrums·Hisato Matsunaga, Soraya Seedat
Jun 7, 2007·Current Opinion in Psychiatry·Ronald C KesslerT Bedirhan Ustün
Jun 27, 2007·General Hospital Psychiatry·Johan OrmelRon Kessler
Aug 30, 2007·Journal of Affective Disorders·Sung Man ChangMaeng Je Cho
Oct 3, 2007·Archives of General Psychiatry·Kathleen R MerikangasRonald C Kessler

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Nov 20, 2009·Osteoporosis International : a Journal Established As Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA·S HeinrichH-H König
Jul 13, 2012·Psychological Medicine·G Thornicroft, M Tansella
Jan 19, 2013·Annual Review of Medicine·David J KupferLawson Wulsin
Dec 2, 2011·PLoS Medicine·M Taghi YasamyShekhar Saxena
Nov 18, 2011·Indian Journal of Public Health·Prashant Mathur, Bela Shah
Feb 4, 2014·Infection·A J Ghio
Jan 15, 2014·European Journal of Cancer : Official Journal for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) [and] European Association for Cancer Research (EACR)·E TanisT J M Ruers
Aug 13, 2013·Psychological Medicine·L H AndradeR C Kessler
Sep 14, 2013·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·Augusto E LlosaRebecca F Grais
Jan 23, 2014·Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry·Jinjing TanLian Gu
Mar 19, 2013·Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods·Luis HerediaJosé L Domingo
Jan 24, 2014·Psychological Medicine·A J BaxterH A Whiteford
Mar 22, 2014·International Journal of Epidemiology·Zachary SteelDerrick Silove
Dec 7, 2013·International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy·Tom E RichardsonTimothy F Chen
Jan 22, 2013·Neurochemical Research·Amanda C FortesMonica Felts de La Roca Soares
Jun 14, 2014·Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy·Monica Uddin
Oct 16, 2014·Indian Journal of Psychiatry·T S Sathyanarayana RaoN C Ashok
Jul 22, 2014·Brain and Cognition·Julia Riddell, Debra Pepler
Oct 15, 2013·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Dolores JuradoManuel Gurpegui
Jul 14, 2012·Current Pain and Headache Reports·Giancarlo LucchettiMario Fernando Prieto Peres
Sep 4, 2013·Family Practice·Ies DijksmanMark G Spigt
Mar 21, 2012·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·Åsa SamuelssonP Svedberg
Apr 25, 2012·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·Matteo BalestrieriBellantuono Cesario
Dec 29, 2011·Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences·E GambettiF Giusberti
Jun 11, 2011·Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences·B Vitiello
Dec 29, 2011·Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences·M F Dollard, W McTernan
Jun 8, 2012·Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences·R C KesslerUNKNOWN WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.