DOI: 10.1101/462333Nov 5, 2018Paper

The GTPase Nog1 couples polypeptide exit tunnel quality control with ribosomal stalk assembly

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
P. NerurkarVikram Govind Panse


Eukaryotic ribosome precursors acquire translation competence in the cytoplasm through stepwise release of bound assembly factors, and proofreading of their functional centers. In case of the large subunit precursor (pre-60S), these essential steps include eviction of placeholders Arx1 and Mrt4 that prevent premature loading of the protein-folding machinery at the polypeptide exit tunnel (PET), and the ribosomal stalk, respectively. Here, we reveal that sequential ATPase and GTPase activities license release factors Rei1 and Yvh1 recruitment to the pre-60S in order to trigger Arx1 and Mrt4 removal. Drg1-ATPase activity extracts the C-terminal tail of Nog1 from the PET, enabling Rei1 to probe PET integrity, and then catalyze Arx1 release. Subsequently, GTPase hydrolysis stimulates Nog1 removal from the pre-60S, permitting Yvh1 to mediate Mrt4 release, and initiate ribosomal stalk assembly. Thus, Nog1 couples quality control and assembly of spatially distant functional centers during ribosome formation.


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