Aug 31, 2016

The hallmarks of CAFs in cancer invasion

European Journal of Cell Biology
Youmna Attieh, Danijela Matic Vignjevic

Abstract

The ability of cancer cells to move out of the primary tumor and disseminate through the circulation to form metastases is one of the main contributors to poor patient outcome. The tumor microenvironment provides a niche that supports cancer cell invasion and proliferation. Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are a highly enriched cell population in the tumor microenvironment that plays an important role in cancer invasion. However, it remains unclear whether CAFs directly stimulate cancer cell invasion or they remodel the extracellular matrix to make it more permissive for invasion. Here we discuss paracrine communication between cancer cells and CAFs that promotes tumor invasion but also stimulates CAFs to remodel the matrix increasing cancer dissemination.

  • References81
  • Citations13

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Exosomes
LOXL2
MMP14 gene
Tumor Cells, Uncertain Whether Benign or Malignant
CAV1 gene
PDGFRB wt Allele
Biochemical Pathway
Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1
Cdc42
Sdc4

Related Feeds

Angiogenesis Inhibitors to Treat Cancer

Cancer treatments including angiogenesis inhibitors prevent tumor cells from receiving nutrients and oxygen. Here is the latest research on angiogenesis inhibitors for the treatment of cancer.

AKT Pathway

This feed focuses on the AKT serine/threonine kinase, which is an important signaling pathway involved in processes such as glucose metabolism and cell survival.

Caveolins & Signal Transduction

Caveolins are small proteins with a hairpin loop conformation that are located in the plasma membrane of various cell types where they bind cholesterol and interact with receptors essential for several signal transduction pathways. Here is the latest research.

Apoptosis in Cancer

Apoptosis is an important mechanism in cancer. By evading apoptosis, tumors can continue to grow without regulation and metastasize systemically. Many therapies are evaluating the use of pro-apoptotic activation to eliminate cancer growth. Here is the latest research on apoptosis in cancer.

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis