Sep 1, 1989

The hemodynamic and metabolic changes in prostaglandin E1-induced hypotension in dogs--a comparative study with trimetaphan-induced hypotension

Journal of Anesthesia
Y T NamJ Yoshitake

Abstract

The hemodynamic and metabolic changes in hypotensive state induced with prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) or trimetaphan (TMT) infusion were investigated in dogs. Mean arterial pressure was decreased by about 50% with 1.58 microg/kg/min of PGE1 or 45 microg/kg/min of TMT. Heart rate, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and central venous pressure remained virtually unchanged in the two groups. Cardiac output was well maintained in PGE1 group, whereas cardiac output showed the tendency to decline in TMT group. Greater reduction in systemic vascular resistance was seen in PGE1 group than in TMT group. Pulmonary vascular resistance showed no significant change in PGE1 group, whereas it increased significantly in TMT group. Gradual decreases in arterial pH, PaO2 and base excess and slight but significant increase in PaCO2 was observed in PGE1 group, and these abnormalities recovered 30 min after hypotension. Abnormalities in blood gases and acid-base balance were considerably more severe and prolonged in TMT group compared with those in PGE1 group. Blood lactate and pyruvate concentrations showed no significant changes in PGE1 group, whereas substantial elevation was seen in L/P ratio especially 30 min after induction of hypotension in TMT gr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Arterial Blood pH Measurement
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Arterial Pulse Pressure
Evaluation of Acid-base Balance
Lactate
Base Excess Measurement
Total Peripheral Resistance
Pyruvate Measurement
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Lactic Acid Measurement

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