PMID: 6989296May 1, 1980Paper

The history of cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Annals of Emergency Medicine
M L DeBard


The development of modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an exciting and surprising history to modern health professionals who rarely are aware of how new CPR really is. Artificial respiration began in the 16th century with Vesalius's work on living animals; progressed with the rise and fall of mouth-to-mouth, manual, and positive pressure ventilation methods of the 18th and 19th centuries; and culminated in 1958 with demonstration of the superiority of the mouth-to-mouth technique. Cardiac massage began in 1874, with the open chest method gaining ascendancy until the 1960 demonstration of the equality and greater ease of closed chest cardiac massage. Electrical defibrillation may have begun in 1775, but was not proven successful in animals internally until 1899. The technique was applied to man internally in 1947 and externally in 1956. The simultaneous use of all these modern CPR methods dates back only 20 years.


May 4, 1968·Canadian Medical Association Journal·A Oriol, H J Smith
Oct 1, 1971·Medical History·A B Baker
Aug 11, 1956·Journal of the American Medical Association·S L COLE, E CORDAY


Nov 1, 1991·The Journal of Emergency Medicine·J Varon, G L Sternbach
Dec 1, 1987·Annals of Emergency Medicine·R B McGrath
Mar 31, 2005·Resuscitation·Thomas F Baskett, Mihaly Kis
Aug 1, 1991·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·L C Hanson, M Danis
Sep 21, 2002·Neonatal Network : NN·Jeanette Zaichkin, Thomas E Wiswell
Jun 3, 1982·The New England Journal of Medicine·M S EisenbergL Bergner
Nov 19, 2014·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Ilias I SiemposGeorge Samonis
Nov 28, 2017·European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery : Official Publication of the European Trauma Society·Katie L Konesky, Weidun Alan Guo
Mar 2, 2021·The American Journal of Emergency Medicine·Edmond A Hooker, Meghan Werft

Related Concepts

Heart Massage
Mechanical Ventilation
Resuscitation Procedure
Historical Events, 16th Century
Historical Events, 18th Century
Historical Events, 19th Century
History, Ancient

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