PMID: 6880820Jun 1, 1983Paper

The hospital anxiety and depression scale

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
A S Zigmond, R P Snaith

Abstract

A self-assessment scale has been developed and found to be a reliable instrument for detecting states of depression and anxiety in the setting of an hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depressive subscales are also valid measures of severity of the emotional disorder. It is suggested that the introduction of the scales into general hospital practice would facilitate the large task of detection and management of emotional disorder in patients under investigation and treatment in medical and surgical departments.

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References

Feb 1, 1979·Psychological Medicine·D P Goldberg, V F Hillier
Apr 1, 1975·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·H S Moffic, E S Paykel
Oct 1, 1974·Archives of General Psychiatry·D F Klein
Feb 16, 1974·British Medical Journal·G P MaguireJ H Bancroft
Jul 1, 1982·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·N P KearnsR P Snaith
Nov 1, 1982·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·R P SnaithM A Sipple

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Citations

Aug 26, 2006·Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine·François BoyerJean-Luc Novella
Mar 21, 2006·Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine·Catharina Gustavsson, Lena von Koch
Nov 14, 2012·Archives of Internal Medicine·Kishore M GaddeGeorge A Bray
Sep 30, 2010·Archives of Internal Medicine·Michel A PontariUNKNOWN Chronic Prostatitis Collaborative Research Network-2
Jun 16, 2004·Archives of Ophthalmology·Neil M BresslerUNKNOWN Submacular Surgery Trials Research Group
Jan 1, 1996·Seminars in Surgical Oncology·L G Walker, O Eremin
Aug 10, 1999·Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews·R R Rubin, M Peyrot
Jul 1, 1992·Journal of Clinical Psychology·J A Cairns, K M Johnston
Apr 1, 1993·The International Journal of Eating Disorders·C Evans, B Dolan
Nov 26, 2003·Arthritis Care and Research : the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association·J H BarlowC C Wright
Jan 14, 2000·Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society·P Martínez-MartínE Tolosa
Apr 7, 2000·Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society·A J MansonA J Lees
Mar 1, 1995·Arthritis Care and Research : the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association·S HewlettJ Kirwan
Apr 1, 1997·Arthritis Care and Research : the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association·C H Stenström, R Nisell
Jun 1, 1997·Arthritis Care and Research : the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association·A A Suárez-MendozaM Márquez-Marín
Mar 24, 2005·Depression and Anxiety·A John Rush, Anjana Bose
Apr 9, 2008·Inflammatory Bowel Diseases·Wolfgang MiehslerGabriele Moser
Jul 16, 2008·Inflammatory Bowel Diseases·Angela DorrianPauline Adair

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