The identification and treatment of toxic megacolon secondary to pseudomembranous colitis

Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing : DCCN
Megan M Earhart

Abstract

Toxic megacolon is an infrequently occurring, potentially life-threatening complication of pseudomembranous colitis. Although toxic megacolon may be considered rare, incidence is expected to increase because of the rapidly increased prevalence of pseudomembranous colitis. This article discusses the pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for toxic megacolon secondary to pseudomembranous colitis. Critical care nurses should be aware of the disease to intervene early and increase the chance of the patient's survival.

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Related Concepts

Antineoplastic Agents
Colectomy
Care of Intensive Care Unit Patient
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Clostridium Enterocolitis
Tube Ileostomy
Megacolon, Toxic
Neutropenia
Acute Myeloid Leukemia, M1
Nurse's Role

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