PMID: 6198985Sep 1, 1983

The importance of dietary amino acids on the reproduction and longevity of adult Dacus oleae (Gmelin) (Diptera Tephritidae)

Archives internationales de physiologie et de biochimie
G J Tsiropoulos


When the amino-acid mixture of an effective chemically defined diet was replaced by single amino acids, keeping the total nitrogen at the same level, the egg production of Dacus oleae was minimal with all the 19 amino acids tested. Male survival was adversely affected by the amino acids : alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, hydroxyproline, lysine, serine and tyrosine, while female survival was shortened when the amino acids : glycine, hydroxyproline and lysine were added. The creation of amino-acid imbalances, by deleting the 19 amino acids individually, from the complete amino-acid mixture, showed that the amino acids : arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, serine, threonine, tryptophane and valine were indispensable to the adult Dacus oleae flies, as far as egg production is concerned. Survival of the male flies was significantly shortened when the amino acids : alanine, hydroxyproline and tryptophane were omitted. Significant differences in longevity between males and females were scored, when the amino acids : alanine, aspartic acid, cystine, glycine and tryptophane, were omitted.

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