Mar 22, 2020

In vivo validation of spray-dried mesoporous bioactive glass microspheres acting as prolonged local release systems for BMP-2 to induce bone regeneration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. C. BerkmannKatharina Schmidt-Bleek

Abstract

Despite years of diligent research in fracture healing, an unmet clinical need for safe and effective pharmacological treatments to improve bone regeneration persists with 10 - 20 % of fracture cases exhibiting impaired healing. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a known key mediator of physiological bone regeneration and is clinically approved for selected musculoskeletal interventions. Yet, broad usage of this growth factor is impeded due to side effects that are majorly evoked by high dosages and burst release kinetics. In this study, mesoporous bioactive glass microspheres (MBGs) produced by an aerosol assisted spray-drying, scalable process were found to be biocompatible and to induce a pro-osteogenic response on human MSCs in vitro. Loading of the MBGs with BMP-2 resulted in prolonged, low-dose BMP-2 release without affecting the material features. In a pre-clinical rodent model, BMP-2 loaded MBGs significantly enhanced bone formation and influenced the microarchitecture of newly formed bone. The MBG carriers alone performed equal to the untreated (empty) control in most parameters tested, while additionally exerting mild pro-angiogenic effects. Using MBGs as a biocompatible, pro-regenerative carrier for local and ...Continue Reading

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Anthropologist
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