The importance of the "bay region" diol-epoxide in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene skin tumor initiation and mutagenesis

Cancer Letters
T J SlagaR G Harvey

Abstract

The skin tumor-initiating and V79 mutagenic activities of various derivatives of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) were investigated to determine what possible cellular metabolite(s) may be responsible for its carcinogenicity and/or mutagenicity. 1-,2-,3-,4- and 5-hydroxyDMBA were found to be essentially inactive as skin tumor initiators whereas 9- and 10-hydroxyDMBA had weak activity. The (+/-)-trans DMBA 8,9- and 5,6-dihydrodiols were also essentially inactive as skin tumor initiators and (+/-)-DMBA 8beta,9alpha-diol-10alpha-11alpha-epoxide had weak skin tumor initiating activity. All of the above tested derivatives of DMBA were essentially inactive as mutagens in the cell-mediated or direct V79 mutagenesis systems. A methyl or fluoro addition to the 1, 2 or 5 positions almost completely blocked the skin tumor initiating and V79 mutagenic activities of DMBA, whereas a fluoro addition to position 11 did not. From our data we suggest that a 'bay region' diol-epoxide may be important in DMBA carcinogenicity and mutagenicity.

References

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Benz(a)Anthracenes
Tumor Promoters
Medicinal Plants Testing, Preclinical
Glycols
Clastogens
Neoplasms, Experimental
Papillomatosis
Malignant Neoplasm of Skin
Structure-Activity Relationship

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