The incidence of complications during pregnancy after treatment of hyperprolactinemia with bromocriptine in patients with radiologically evident pituitary tumors

Fertility and Sterility
S W LambertsJ C Birkenhäger


The course of pregnancy achieved after bromocriptine therapy is described in nine patients with radiologically evident prolactin-secreting pituitary tumors. In six patients no complications occurred. No changes in sellar size or secondary endocrine deficiencies developed. In three patients, however, complications developed between the 22nd and 24th weeks of pregnancy. Despite prior external pituitary irradiation, one patient developed transient bitemporal hemianopsia and one patient had apoplexy of the pituitary tumor with transient paresis of the left abducens nerve. A third patient developed parasellar expansion of the pituitary tumor with bone destruction and paresis of the right abducens and oculomotor nerves. After transsphenoidal surgery the paresis of both nerves disappeared. Microscopically, the tissue removed at surgery was a chromophobe adenoma with focal fibrosis and calcifications without recent hemorrhages. In the course of more than 100 pregnancies achieved in The Netherlands after bromocriptine therapy, five patients reportedly developed complications of the pituitary tumor. At present, patients in whom complications can be expected cannot be predicted by the size or configuration of the sella turicica or the mag...Continue Reading


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