PMID: 12084585Jun 27, 2002Paper

The incidence of congenital heart disease

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Julien I E Hoffman, Samuel Kaplan


This study was designed to determine the reasons for the variability of the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD), estimate its true value and provide data about the incidence of specific major forms of CHD. The incidence of CHD in different studies varies from about 4/1,000 to 50/1,000 live births. The relative frequency of different major forms of CHD also differs greatly from study to study. In addition, another 20/1,000 live births have bicuspid aortic valves, isolated anomalous lobar pulmonary veins or a silent patent ductus arteriosus. The incidences reported in 62 studies published after 1955 were examined. Attention was paid to the ways in which the studies were conducted, with special reference to the increased use of echocardiography in the neonatal nursery. The total incidence of CHD was related to the relative frequency of ventricular septal defects (VSDs), the most common type of CHD. The incidences of individual major forms of CHD were determined from 44 studies. The incidence of CHD depends primarily on the number of small VSDs included in the series, and this number in turn depends upon how early the diagnosis is made. If major forms of CHD are stratified into trivial, moderate and severe categories, the v...Continue Reading


Aug 1, 1975·British Heart Journal·D DanilowiczA M Rudolph
Apr 1, 1978·American Journal of Epidemiology·C E AndersonJ D Erickson
Oct 1, 1978·The American Journal of Cardiology·J I Hoffman, R Christianson
Apr 1, 1977·British Heart Journal·J P Bound, W F Logan
Sep 1, 1975·American Heart Journal·M R Mody
Jan 1, 1975·Human Heredity·M MészárosA Czeizel
Dec 1, 1990·European Journal of Epidemiology·J Tikkanen, O P Heinonen
Dec 1, 1990·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·J C MayberryS J Goldberg
Jan 1, 1990·Circulation·D E FixlerC W Eifler
Sep 1, 1989·European Journal of Epidemiology·C StollB De Geeter
May 1, 1988·Clinical Pediatrics·S S Gidding, A Rosenthal
Jul 1, 1988·American Heart Journal·M FukazawaK Ueda
Aug 1, 1988·American Journal of Epidemiology·R G GrabitzR L Collins-Nakai
Jan 1, 1987·Pediatric Cardiology·L E CarlgrenB Källén
Aug 1, 1985·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·V RoseM Allen
Jan 1, 1969·Annual Review of Medicine·J I Hoffman
Mar 1, 1971·Circulation·S C MitchellH W Berendes
Jul 1, 1970·The American Journal of Cardiology·W C Roberts
Mar 1, 1984·The American Journal of Cardiology·E W Larson, W D Edwards
Jun 1, 1982·British Heart Journal·J Sehested
Sep 1, 1980·Acta paediatrica Scandinavica·H B Laursen
Nov 15, 1995·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·N RoguinE Milgram
May 1, 1995·Pediatric Cardiology·J I Hoffman
Oct 1, 1994·Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health·C Bower, J M Ramsay
Nov 1, 1994·Journal of Medical Genetics·E J HannaJ Nelson
Jul 1, 1994·Archives of Disease in Childhood·M Abu-HarbC Wren
May 1, 1994·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·L D AllanN L Fagg
May 1, 1994·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·R WhittemoreX Castellsague
Feb 1, 1994·Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology·L D Allan
Jan 1, 1994·Current Opinion in Cardiology·D S Moodie
Oct 1, 1993·Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health·S A KiddR M McCredie
Sep 1, 1993·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·D RadzikG Ducharme

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Aug 4, 2005·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Anita Saxena
Aug 4, 2005·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Anita Saxena, N Reeni Soni
Jul 7, 2007·Netherlands Heart Journal : Monthly Journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation·T TakkenJ L M Strengers
Oct 10, 2012·European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry·L HanssonC Stecksén-Blicks
Nov 30, 2010·Der Radiologe·N Glaser-GallionS Leschka
Mar 29, 2005·Pediatric Cardiology·F OztürkF Bernay
Oct 11, 2007·Pediatric Cardiology·Stuart A CohenUNKNOWN Palivizumab Outcomes Registry Group
Jan 12, 2008·Pediatric Cardiology·S V ThomasP S Sarma
Jul 26, 2008·Pediatric Cardiology·Ruey-Kang R ChangThomas S Klitzner
Nov 17, 2009·Pediatric Cardiology·Ming-wu ChenTang-wei Liu
Nov 26, 2009·Pediatric Cardiology·Qiuyan PeiYanqiu Wei
Dec 30, 2009·Pediatric Cardiology·Stacey RentschlerJonathan A Epstein
Dec 30, 2009·Pediatric Cardiology·Santanu ChakrabortyKatherine E Yutzey
May 22, 2010·Pediatric Cardiology·Michael HainstockStephen Langley
Sep 18, 2010·Pediatric Cardiology·Fernanda Teixeira da Silva BelluccoMaria Isabel Melaragno
Jun 29, 2011·Pediatric Cardiology·Flávio Miguel TeixeiraMaria Emília Guimarães Areias
Feb 3, 2012·Pediatric Cardiology·Paul A ChecchiaBrahm Goldstein
Jul 11, 2012·Pediatric Cardiology·Jiangyan LiuBingren Gao
Jul 21, 2012·Pediatric Cardiology·Monica CresciMaria Grazia Andreassi
Sep 15, 2012·Pediatric Cardiology·C Osborne ShulerJeanette M Jerrell
May 1, 2010·Pediatric Radiology·Phalla OuDamien Bonnet
Dec 15, 2011·Pediatric Radiology·George WuRichard I Markowitz
Dec 12, 2007·Pediatric Surgery International·M KouwenbergL Kapusta
Jul 6, 2005·Zeitschrift für Kardiologie·D Horstkotte
Jul 18, 2006·Clinical Research in Cardiology : Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society·K KönigD W Benson
Apr 7, 2006·Clinical Research in Cardiology : Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society·H KaemmererUNKNOWN Kommission für Klinische Kardiologie der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Kardiologie
Sep 13, 2011·Clinical Research in Cardiology : Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society·Gerda SchwedlerHans-Werner Hense
May 31, 2012·Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics·Weixiu ZhaoJianhua Lin
Oct 25, 2011·Archives of Women's Mental Health·Øivind SolbergMargarete E Vollrath
Feb 6, 2008·Emergency Radiology·R R van RijnB Kubat
Aug 24, 2007·Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology·George C Engelmayr, Michael S Sacks

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.

Birth Defects

Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.