The incidence of in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation in patients on chronic hemodialysis

Masayuki MotohiroIchiro Shiojima


Background: Recently, drug-eluting stents have been widely adopted rather than bare-metal stents in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) based on the extrapolation of data from patients on non-HD. However, whether DES implantation is associated with a reduced rate of in-stent restenosis (ISR) is unclear. We investigated the incidence of ISR and its predictors in patients on HD after drug-eluting stent implantation.Methods and Results: We analyzed 194 consecutive patients (331 lesions) on HD who underwent follow-up angiography after drug-eluting stent implantation. ISR was observed in 74 lesions (22.4%). Angiographically, the relative incidence of AHA/ACC type C lesion was increased (47% vs. 32%; P=0.043), the minimal lumen diameter (MLD) before DES implantation was smaller (0.82±0.49 vs. 0.97±0.45mm; P<0.01) and the lesion length (LL) was increased (30.2±16.1 vs. 24.4±12.1mm; P=0.023) in lesions with ISR compared to those without ISR. The rate of rotational atherectomy use was also increased in lesions with ISR compared to those without ISR (50% vs. 25%; P<0.01). In a multivariate analysis, the MLD before drug-eluting stent implantation (odds ratio [OR] =0.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.27-0.91, P=0.024), LL (OR=1.02...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Current Interventional Cardiology Reports
Magdi M. El-OmarRoxana Mehran
The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York
Robert D WinslowMichael C Kim
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved