The influence of dietary α-solanine on the waxmoth Galleria mellonella L

Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Ender BüyükgüzelSabino A Bufo

Abstract

Plant allelochemicals are nonnutritional chemicals that interfere with the biology of herbivores. We posed the hypothesis that ingestion of a glycoalkaloid allelochemical, α-solanine, impairs biological parameters of greater wax moths Galleria mellonella. To test this idea, we reared wax moths on artificial diets with 0.015, 0.15, or 1.5 mg/100 g diet of α-solanine. Addition of α-solanine to the diet affected survival of seventh-instar larvae, pupae, and adults; and female fecundity and fertility. The diet containing the highest α-solanine concentration led to decreased survivorship, fecundity, and fertility. The diets supplemented with α-solanine led to increased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl contents in midgut and fat body and the effect was dose-dependent. Dietary α-solanine led to increased midgut glutathione S-transferase activity and to decreased fat body glutathione S-transferase activitiy. We infer from these findings that α-solanine influences life history parameters and antioxidative enzyme activities in the midgut and fat body of G. mellonella.

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Citations

Mar 5, 2016·Toxins·Szymon ChowańskiSabino A Bufo
Jul 22, 2014·Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology·Zbigniew AdamskiLaura Scrano
Mar 31, 2015·Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology·Meltem Erdem, Ender Büyükgüzel
May 4, 2016·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Shengpeng ZuoXiaofeng Jiang
Nov 27, 2016·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Ender BüyükgüzelKemal Büyükgüzel
Feb 13, 2018·Arthropod-plant Interactions·J K WilsonJ G Hildebrand

Related Concepts

alpha-solanine
Fat Body
Subfecundity
Yb-Glutathione-S-Transferase
Sodium Malondialdehyde
Antheraea
Solanine
Oxidative Stress
Gastrointestinal Tract Structure
Protein Carbonylation

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