Apr 1, 1977

The influence of ketamine on inotropic and chronotropic responsiveness of heart muscle

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
H R AdamsB P Mathew

Abstract

The influence of ketamine on the inotropic and chronotropic responsiveness of heart muscle was examined in spontaneously beating right atrial preparations and in electrically driven left atrial preparations of guinea pigs. Ketamine (2.63 X 10(-5) to 4.2 X 10(-4) M) decreased heart rate of right atria and decreased contractile tension and its maximum rate of increase in both right and left atrial preparations (right atria greater than left atria). Ketamine did not prevent the heart rate increase produced by norepinephrine (NE; 1 X 10(-8) to 1 X 10(-4) M) in right atria; however, the maximum heart rate was consistently lower in ketamine-treated than in control muscles even after exposure to NE. Although contractile tension was decreased by ketamine, the maximum inotropic response to NE was consistently greater in ketamine-treated atria than in control atria. An inhibitor of the slow Ca++ current in heart muscle, D600, depressed the contractile effects of NE but did not prevent the positive inotropic interaction of ketamine and NE. Ketamine similarly enhanced the inotropic responses to norepinephrine (1 X 10(-6) M), epinephrine (1 X 10(-6) M), isoproterenol (1 X 10(-7) M) and dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (AMP; 4 ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Autonomic Nervous System Disorders
Myocardial Contraction
Entire Autonomic Nervous System
Exertion
Adenosine
Bradycardia
Depressed - Symptom
Cavia
Protoplasm
Contraction (Finding)

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