PMID: 29450310Oct 1, 2015

The influence of optical aberrations in refractive surgery

Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Badescu Silvia ValentinaTataru Calin


Optical aberrations lead to defects in image-forming, the image obtained being imperfect and thereby decreasing the quality of vision. When an optic system is not perfect, as happens with the eye, the rays of light that pass through the system produce optical aberrations. The purpose of this review is to describe optical aberrations and their impact on vision and how refractive surgery outcomes are influenced by them. The main optical aberrations of the eye are as follows: spherical aberration, chromatic aberration, oblique astigmatism and high order aberrations. When the patient undergoes various types of surgeries (cataract surgery, corneal refractive surgery) the properties of the eye change and the eye doctor must take into account the correction of optical aberrations to improve vision quality.Abbreviations:LASIK (laserin situkeratomileusis), PRK (photorefractive keratectomy), UDVA (uncorrected distance visual acuity), SA (spherical aberrations), HOA (higher-order aberrations), RMS (root mean square).

Related Concepts

Visual Acuity
Plant Roots
Spherical Shape
Photorefractive Keratectomy
Operative Surgical Procedures
Spherical body protein 3, Babesia
Response to Chromate

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.