Sep 27, 1976

The influence of postnatal nutritional deprivation on the phospholipid content of developing rat lung

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
I GrossS A Rooney

Abstract

It has been previously reported that fasting may result in decreased lung surfactant production. In order to investigate this relationship and the role of nutrition in lung phospholipid synthesis, 21-day-old rats were exposed for 60 h to one of five dietary regimens: standard rat chow (controls), fasting, pure glucose, pure fat, or pure protein. After the period of fasting there was a 33% decrease in lung protein content, but there was no change in DNA content. Exposure to any of the experimental diets resulted in a decrease in tissue total phospholipid and phosphatidylcholine content per lung, but not per unit lung protein. Similarly lung lavage phospholipid and phosphatidylcholine content was decreased by 25% after fasting when expressed per lung or per unit DNA, but not per unit protein. Pulmonary cholinephosphotransferase (EC 2.7.8.2) activity was decreased in the fasted animals and those fed the protein diet, but not in the glucose or fat-fed animals. The activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC 6.4.1.2) and microsomal fatty acid elongation were decreased in all the experimental groups except for the glucose-fed group. It is concluded that fasting results in a decrease in lung cell size but not in lung cell number. Total p...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Lung
Rat Lung
Microsomes
Gene Products, Protein
Pulmonary Surfactants
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Cell Count
Senility
Cholinephosphotransferase 1
Fatty Acid Synthases

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