PMID: 7993287Jun 1, 1994Paper

The influence of spinal cord injury on coping styles and self-perceptions two years after the injury

The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Ashley CraigE Chang

Abstract

This study is a two year follow-up of previous longitudinal research which investigated the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI) on perceptions of control, self-esteem and coping styles over the first year of SCI. Persons with SCI and a demographically matched able-bodied control group completed standardised questionnaires on four occasions over two years. The instruments included the Locus of Control of Behaviour Scale (LCB), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and an adapted Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (MAC), which measures coping styles, including fighting spirit, helplessness/hopelessness and fatalism. Results obtained in the first year were replicated in the two year data, except for the LCB Scale. After one year, the SCI group were found to perceive their life to be externally controlled, to be lower in self-esteem, and have more helpless/hopeless and fatalistic attitudes than the controls. There were no differences in self esteem and coping styles after two years for the SCI group. However, locus of control fluctuated over the two years, though there was a trend for the SCI group to be more externally focussed. There were no significant interactions between group and time. Implications for the adjustment of SCI persons a...Continue Reading

References

Nov 1, 1991·Paraplegia·M J DeVivoS L Stover
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Sep 1, 1990·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·A R CraigE Chang
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Sep 1, 1993·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·K HancockE Chang

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Citations

Apr 23, 2011·Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings·Hanoch Livneh, Erin Martz
Mar 18, 2003·Social Science & Medicine·Margaret A NosekPaul Swank
May 2, 2006·Journal of Affective Disorders·Man Cheung ChungNikolaos Prevezas
Sep 10, 2008·Spinal Cord·A CraigJ Middleton
Mar 14, 2008·Journal of Clinical Nursing·Hsiao-Yu Chen, Jennifer R P Boore
Feb 15, 2005·International Journal of Nursing Studies·Hsiao-Yu ChenFrancis D Mullan
Apr 15, 2016·The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine·Manijeh Yazdanshenas GhazwinSeyed-Mohammad Ghodsi
May 2, 1998·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·A CraigH Dickson
Apr 13, 2005·Disability and Rehabilitation·Hee-Young Song
Jan 1, 1996·International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine·J R BoekampD S Schubert
Oct 23, 2021·International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Für Rehabilitationsforschung. Revue Internationale De Recherches De Réadaptation·Molly J SwinneyDobrivoje S Stokic

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