Nov 1, 1975

The influence of temperature increase, elevation of extracellular h+-concentration, and of triiodothyronine on the actions of phenylephrine, histamine, and beta-sympathomimetic drugs on rabbit aortic strips

Archives Internationales De Pharmacodynamie Et De Thérapie
J WagnerW Huppertz

Abstract

In the isolated preparation from the rabbit thoracic aorta, the affinities of the vasoconstrictor agents phenylephrine and histamine, as well as of the vasodilator beta-sympathomimetic drugs isoprenaline, fenoterol (TH 1165a), terbutaline, and salbutamol under the conditions of temperature increase, triiodothyronine and decrease of extracellular pH were investigated. It was observed that (1) a temperature increase from 25 degrees to 42 degrees C significantly indreased the maximal tension evoked by histamine, whereas that induced by the alpha-sympathomimetic drug phenylephrine was not altered significantly; the maximal relaxation caused by beta-sympathomimetic drugs either at 25 degrees or at 42 degrees C did not differ from one another; (2) the affinities of histamine, phenylephrine and of the beta-sympathomimetic drugs isoprenaline, fenoterol, terbutaline, and salbutamol each were comparable at either 25 degrees or 42 degrees C; the rank order of efficacy of the beta-sympathomimetic drugs is isoprenaline greater than fenoterol greater than salbutamol greater than terbutaline; (3) a decrease of the pH from 7.37 to 7.15 diminished the affinities of histamine and of the beta sympathomimetic drugs whereas that of the alpha-adrene...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride
Sympathomimetics
Vasodilator [EPC]
Entire Thoracic Aorta
Extracellular
Depressed - Symptom
Extracellular Space
Adrenergic beta-Agonists

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