The interaction of phosphorus nutrition and fasting on the survival time of young chickens acutely exposed to high temperature

Poultry Science
C C McCormick, J D Garlich

Abstract

Phosphorus nutrition and fasting are dependent factors which markedly influence the tolerance of young chickens to high temperature. A study was conducted to further characterize the nature of this interaction. Male chicks fed low phosphorus diets and fasted 24 hr exhibited significantly shorter survival time after exposure to acute heat when compared to fasted chicks previously fed adequate dietary phosphorus. When chicks were fasted for 48 hr, the effect of previous diet was considerably more pronounced. These results showed that the effect of low phosphorus nutrition was potentiated by fasting 48 hr which in itself improved survival time over that of chicks fasted 24 hr. The apparent metabolic responses of chicks to heat as indicated by changes in plasma glucose and total ketones were not related to the observed dietary effects. Plasma phosphate (Pi) and calcium (Ca) decreased significantly during heat exposure. The Ca/pi molar ratio was increased significantly at heat induced exhaustion, indicating a relatively greater heat induced change in Pi. From the initiation of heat exposure to heat exhaustion, the percent change in Pi, but not Ca, was similar in all groups despite marked differences in the time within which this occ...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 1, 1992·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry·F W EdensS Wang
Nov 1, 1996·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe A·S BobekJ Niezgoda
Jan 7, 2014·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Vishwajit S ChowdhuryMitsuhiro Furuse

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Animal Feed (Substance)
Blood Glucose
Calcium
Fasting
Ketones
Orthophosphate
Red Phosphorus

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.