Apr 1, 1976

The isolated cremaster muscle preparation and (external) spermatic nerve-cremaster muscle preparation of the guinea-pig

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
V V KelkarS V Gokhale

Abstract

The isolated cremaster muscle preparation and spermatic nerve-cremaster muscle preparation of the guinea-pig were studied in vitro to determine their suitability as pharmacological test models. The preparation was contracted by acetylcholine, carbachol, succinylcholine and decamethonium (pD2 values, 4-2, 5-3, 7-3 and 7-4, respectively) through an action on a curare-sensitive cholinoceptor. Lobeline and DMPP were ineffective. Nicotine contracted the muscle, but there was tachyphylaxis. Tubocurarine and hexamethonium presumably competitively antagonized acetylcholine (pA2 values, 7-3 and 5-8); lobeline was a non-competitive antagonist (pD'2 value, 6-4). Atropine and mecamylamine exerted a dualistic action against acetylcholine (final pD'2 values, 5-3 and 6-7, respectively). Tubocurarine, succinylcholine and decamethonium exhibited their typical action when tested with spermatic nerve-cremaster muscle preparation; the latter two drugs also produced muscle spasm. Hexamethonium was a weak blocker of neuromuscular transmission. Atropine, mecamylamine, lobeline and DMPP exhibited neuromuscular blocking activity; however, directly evoked muscle twitches were also notably affected. The cremaster muscle preparations seem to add usefully ...Continue Reading

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References

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Exertion
Mecamylamine
Cavia
Tachyphylaxis
Antagonist Muscle Action
Sperm Cell
Atropine
Contraction (Finding)
Myotonus (Finding)
Atropinum, atropine

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