PMID: 5911526Mar 1, 1966

The isolation and partial characterization of glycolipids of normal human leucocytes

The Biochemical Journal
C J MirasG M Levis


1. The lipids of purified human leucocytes were extracted with chloroform-methanol and the extract was washed with water. Glycolipids, isolated by Florisil chromatography, were subjected to mild alkaline hydrolysis and the alkali-resistant fraction was fractionated on a silicic acid column. 2. Three classes of glycolipid were separated. The less polar, containing 3.6% of the total glycolipid hexose as galactose, was tentatively identified as ceramide monohexoside. The major glycolipid fraction was characterized as ceramide dihexosides. The more polar glycolipids comprised 1.6% of the total glycolipid hexose as galactose and glucose (in the molar ratio 2:1) and were non-acidic. This class was separated as a mixture containing ninhydrin-positive glycolipids. 3. The ceramide dihexosides taken from two leucocyte preparations accounted for 15.2% and 16.4% by weight of the total lipids. 4. The carbohydrate moiety of the ceramide dihexosides contained galactose and glucose in the molar ratio 2:1. Partial acid hydrolysis and paper chromatography indicated that the hexoses are present as disaccharides, lactose being identified as one of them. 5. Palmitic acid (C(16:0)) and nervonic acid (C(24:1)) were the major fatty acids of this glyco...Continue Reading


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