PMID: 5914246Sep 1, 1966

The isolation of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulphate from kidneys and their reaction with urinary hyaluronidase

The Journal of Physiology
S E Dicker, C S Franklin


1. Extracts of the cortex and the medulla of fresh kidneys from pigs, sheep and dogs were analysed for the presence of acid mucopolysaccharides.2. Acid mucopolysaccharides were found in the kidneys of the three species and were evenly distributed between cortex and medulla.3. The acid mucopolysaccharides isolated from either the medulla or the cortex of kidneys contained equal amounts of sulphated and nonsulphated fractions; these could be identified as chondroitin sulphate and hyaluronic acid, respectively.4. Urinary hyaluronidase was isolated from urine and estimated by means of turbidity measurements.5. Urine hyaluronidase depolymerizes the acid mucopolysaccharides extracted from either the cortex or the medulla of the kidneys from pig, sheep and dog.6. The enzymic activity of urine hyaluronidase could be expressed as units/mg of protein. The optimum pH activity of the enzyme is at about 4.0.


Jan 1, 1967·Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und mikroskopische Anatomie·F R Johnson, S J Darnton
Jan 1, 1985·CRC Critical Reviews in Toxicology·P H Bach, J W Bridges
Jan 1, 1985·Critical Reviews in Toxicology·P H Bach, J W Bridges
Dec 1, 1992·Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology : Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie·H YamaguchiM Morisada
Aug 31, 2016·Matrix Biology : Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology·Astgik PetrosyanLaura Perin
Nov 1, 1973·Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics·D J Cunningham

Related Concepts

Canis familiaris
Dall Sheep

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.