Oct 1, 2003

The kinetic pathway of folding of barnase

Journal of Molecular Biology
Faaizah KhanA R Fersht

Abstract

To search for folding intermediates, we have examined the folding and unfolding kinetics of wild-type barnase and four representative mutants under a wide range of conditions that span two-state and multi-state kinetics. The choice of mutants and conditions provided in-built controls for artifacts that might distort the interpretation of kinetics, such as the non-linearity of kinetic and equilibrium data with concentration of denaturant. We measured unfolding rate constants over a complete range of denaturant concentration by using by 1H/2H-exchange kinetics under conditions that favour folding, conventional stopped-flow methods at higher denaturant concentrations and continuous flow. Under conditions that favour multi-state kinetics, plots of the rate constants for unfolding against denaturant concentration fitted quantitatively to the equation for three-state kinetics, with a sigmoid component for a change of rate determining step, as did the refolding kinetics. The position of the transition state on the reaction pathway, as measured by solvent exposure (the Tanford beta value) also moved with denaturant concentration, fitting quantitatively to the same equations with a change of rate determining step. The sigmoid behaviour ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ribonuclease
Protein Folding, Globular
Alkaline Ribonuclease

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