PMID: 3607232May 9, 1987

The kinetics of binding of o-methyl red to the outer surface of unilamellar spherical phospholipid vesicles

Biophysical Chemistry
H Ruf


The kinetics of adsorption of the proton carrier o-methyl red to the surface of unilamellar spherical phospholipid vesicles have been investigated by means of the temperature-jump relaxation technique with absorbance detection. Single-exponential relaxation curves were observed with time constants in the range 30-130 microseconds. o-Methyl red binds in both its anionic form A- and protonated form AH. Adsorption-desorption of the two species is coupled by two fast protolytic reactions, occurring in the aqueous bulk phase and in the surface region of the membrane. The rate constants for adsorption and desorption of the two species were obtained from the dependences of the relaxation time on lipid concentration at different pH values. The analysis yielded apparent adsorption rate constants of kasAH = 9.8 X 10(6) M-1 s-1 and kasA = 1.3 X 10(6) M-1 s-1 (expressed in terms of monomeric lipid), and kasAH = 1.2 X 10(11) M-1 s-1 and kasA = 1.6 X 10(10) M-1 s-1 (expressed in terms of vesicle concentration). From the order of these rate constants it is concluded that adsorption of both species is actually diffusion-controlled. The peculiar pH dependence of the relaxation time is a consequence of the protolytic reaction in the surface regi...Continue Reading


Feb 1, 1969·The British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology·R D Francis
Jul 1, 1969·Analytical Biochemistry·H Eibl, W E Lands

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