The lack of correlation between inhibition of aggregation and cAMP levels with canine platelets

Thrombosis Research
W H TsienH Sheppard

Abstract

Arachidonic acid (AA) induced aggregation of canine platelets can be inhibited by various phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDIs) with the order of potency IBMX greater than or equal to papaverine greater than Ro 20-1724 greater than theophylline. With aggregation induced by AA plus epinephrine (EPI), only IBMX and papaverine inhibited at 100 microM. None of these PDIs affected the basal cAMP levels but all potentiated the PGE1-stimulated cAMP production, with the order of potency being Ro 20-1724 greater than papaverine greater than IBMX greater than theophylline. PGE1 at 1 microM caused a sharp increase in cAMP and complete inhibition of platelet aggregation induced by AA plus EPI. However, when EPI was added before PGE1, there was no elevation of cAMP yet inhibition of aggregation still occurred. Our results indicated that inhibition of platelet aggregation does not require a measurable increase in cAMP.

References

Dec 30, 1971·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·B ColeR C Hartmann
Mar 1, 1980·Thrombosis Research·J A Jakubowski, N G Ardlie
Jan 1, 1981·Prostaglandins and Medicine·G H RaoJ G White

Related Concepts

Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Caverject
Metazoa
Eicosatetraenoic Acids
Depression, Chemical
Canis familiaris
Epinephrine Acetate
Pavatym
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Platelet Aggregation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.