The landscape of antibody binding to SARS-CoV-2.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. S. HeffronIrene M Ong

Abstract

The search for potential antibody-based diagnostics, vaccines, and therapeutics for pandemic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has focused almost exclusively on the spike (S) and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. Coronavirus membrane (M), orf3a, and orf8 proteins are also humoral immunogens in other coronaviruses (CoVs) but remain largely uninvestigated for SARS-CoV-2. Here we show that SARS-CoV-2 infection induces robust antibody responses to epitopes throughout the SARS-CoV-2 proteome, particularly in M, in which one epitope achieved near-perfect diagnostic accuracy. We map 79 B cell epitopes throughout the SARS-CoV-2 proteome and demonstrate that anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies appear to bind homologous peptide sequences in the 6 known human CoVs. Our results demonstrate previously unknown, highly reactive B cell epitopes throughout the full proteome of SARS-CoV-2 and other CoV proteins, especially M, which should be considered in diagnostic, vaccine, and therapeutic development.

Citations

May 18, 2021·Canadian Journal of Public Health = Revue Canadienne De Santé Publique·Antoine LewinGilles Delage

Methods Mentioned

BETA
ELISAs
ELISA

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