The locked-in patient and the characteristics of the electrical activity of his brain
Zhurnal vyssheĭ nervnoĭ deiatelnosti imeni I P Pavlova
V S RusinovG A Shchekut'ev
"Locked-in" state differs from the known states characterized by the motor activity blockade, preservation of conscience of speech contact, despite the fact that connection with outer world during this state is limited only by vertical movements of eyes and eyelids in response to speech signals. Three "locked-in" men were studied at different stages of development of this state. Spectral-coherent analysis of the EEG was conducted. The most typical for the developed state of the "locked-in" man is a uniform change of the intercentral EEG relations. In the motor areas of the cortex alpha-activity and its links are not formed (coherence in alpha-range is zero) while high and low frequencies are coherent. In the visual areas, in contrast, the alpha-rhythm is coherent. Distinct interhemispheric asymmetry of coherent connections appears. In the right hemisphere a decrease of coherence level is sharp and even, in the left one--in occipito-temporal parts the level remains close to norm, while in the frontal parts of the cortex it decreases.