PMID: 41894Oct 1, 1979

The longevity and hatchability of Philophthalmus megalurus and P. gralli miracidia in different environmental conditions

The Journal of Parasitology
P M NollenD E Snyder

Abstract

The effects of salinity, pH, and temperature on the longevity and hatchability of miracidia of Philophthalmus megalurus and P. gralli were determined. Miracidia of both species are able to hatch and survive at saline concentrations much above physiological levels, although these processes are reduced in 2.0--2.4% saline and completely inhibited at 2.6%. The greatest hatching rates for both species were found near neutrality (pH 6--8) but some miracidia hatched at the extreme pH levels of 3 and 12. Philophthalmus megalurus miracidia exhibited longer half-lives under acid conditions (pH 2--6) than P. gralli miracidia; conversely, P. gralli miracidia showed longer half-lives in alkaline conditions (pH 8--11). Hatching and longevity were much greater below room temperature (5--20 C) than above (30--50 C) for miracidia of both species. Temperatures above 50 C proved lethal for eyefluke eggs. Except in acid pH, P. gralli miracidia showed longer half-lives than miracidia of P. megalurus. Comparison to studies on schistosomes revealed that the inhibitory effects of physiological saline and host body temperature on the hatching process of schistosome eggs does not occur in these 2 species of eyeflukes.

Related Concepts

LGV1
Ovum
Hatching
Echinochasmus
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
Longevity
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Schistosoma
Genus Megalurus

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