The mammalian myosin heavy chain gene family

Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
A Weiss, Leslie A Leinwand

Abstract

Myosin is a highly conserved, ubiquitous protein found in all eukaryotic cells, where it provides the motor function for diverse movements such as cytokinesis, phagocytosis, and muscle contraction. All myosins contain an amino-terminal motor/head domain and a carboxy-terminal tail domain. Due to the extensive number of different molecules identified to date, myosins have been divided into seven distinct classes based on the properties of the head domain. One such class, class II myosins, consists of the conventional two-headed myosins that form filaments and are composed of two myosin heavy chain (MYH) subunits and four myosin light chain subunits. The MYH subunit contains the ATPase activity providing energy that is the driving force for contractile processes mentioned above, and numerous MYH isoforms exist in vertebrates to carry out this function. The MYHs involved in striated muscle contraction in mammals are the focus of the current review. The genetics, molecular biology, and biochemical properties of mammalian MYHs are discussed below. MYH gene expression patterns in developing and adult striated muscles are described in detail, as are studies of regulation of MYH genes in the heart. The discovery that mutant MYH isoform...Continue Reading

References

Dec 22, 1999·The Journal of Experimental Zoology·W A LaFramboiseR L Cooper
Feb 19, 2000·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·B W RosserE Bandman
Sep 22, 2000·Microscopy Research and Technique·David L AllenLeslie A Leinwand
Nov 2, 2002·Molecular Reproduction and Development·Mou-Yun PengSheng-Ping L Hwang
Jul 14, 1999·Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics·T SoldatiE C Schwarz
Feb 22, 2012·Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS·John C DeaconLeslie A Leinwand
Sep 25, 2012·Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS·John C DeaconLeslie A Leinwand
Aug 25, 2012·Acta Neuropathologica·Homa Tajsharghi, Anders Oldfors
Dec 8, 2005·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·James O MarxLars Larsson
May 26, 2005·Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology·Mercy M DavidsonNithila D Isaac
Jan 29, 2000·The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·C A WalkerF G Spinale
Mar 15, 2001·Current Opinion in Cell Biology·K Sharma, J C Izpisúa Belmonte
Nov 7, 2013·European Journal of Human Genetics : EJHG·Homa TajsharghiAnders Oldfors
Mar 3, 2005·European Journal of Human Genetics : EJHG·Homa TajsharghiAnders Oldfors
Jul 28, 2001·Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology·G M Stephenson
Jul 30, 2004·The New England Journal of Medicine·Mark VeugelersCraig T Basson
Aug 30, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kumar PandyaOliver Smithies
Jan 19, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Daniel I ResnicowLeslie A Leinwand
Aug 3, 2011·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Zheng SunMitchell A Lazar
Nov 6, 2012·DNA and Cell Biology·Vagner Oliveira-CarvalhoEdimar Alcides Bocchi
Feb 1, 2013·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Marian A J WetermanFrank Baas
Sep 1, 2008·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Kevin M MiddletonTheodore Garland
Nov 9, 2007·Genome Research·Adam SiepelMichael R Brent
Jul 16, 2003·Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology·H MoritaJ G Seidman
Oct 9, 2007·Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism·M N PoyM Stoffel
Sep 9, 2006·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·James B Moseley, Bruce L Goode
Mar 10, 2006·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·Gang RenAlan L Munn
Jan 19, 1999·Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology·A Schmidt, M N Hall
Jul 27, 2002·Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology·Kathleen A ClarkCarol C Gregorio
Apr 25, 2008·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Chiara RinaldiKenneth M Baldwin
Dec 20, 2000·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·N Frey, Eric N Olson
May 22, 2002·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·Hai Wu, Eric N Olson
Sep 4, 2009·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·Thomas E CallisDa-Zhi Wang
Mar 26, 2011·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·Huijuan LvMyra A Lipes
Jun 1, 2010·BMC Developmental Biology·Christopher C WendlerScott A Rivkees

Citations

Dec 1, 1992·Developmental Biology·F E Stockdale
Dec 15, 1992·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S J YoonLeslie A Leinwand
Jul 1, 1992·Circulation·R A Nishimura, G S Reeder
Mar 23, 1990·Science·J A WolffP L Felgner
Dec 1, 1991·FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology·P Gunning, E Hardeman
Sep 30, 1991·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·K Ojamaa, I Klein
Feb 1, 1990·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·C G SaezLeslie A Leinwand
May 15, 1991·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R N KitsisLeslie A Leinwand
Oct 1, 1990·The Journal of Cell Biology·G E LyonsM Buckingham
Dec 1, 1990·The Journal of Cell Biology·G E LyonsM Buckingham
Jan 1, 1990·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Richard TsikaE Morkin
Aug 1, 1990·Molecular and Cellular Biology·J H Mar, C P Ordahl
Apr 11, 1986·Nucleic Acids Research·L J Saez, Leslie A Leinwand
Aug 6, 1987·Nature·Y Y ToyoshimaJames A Spudich
Jul 10, 1987·Nucleic Acids Research·L J SaezLeslie A Leinwand
Nov 1, 1985·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·A WeydertJ L Guénet
Oct 1, 1985·Muscle & Nerve·D Pette, G Vrbová
Jul 1, 1967·The Journal of General Physiology·M Bárány
Oct 1, 1973·The Journal of Physiology·D B Drachman, D M Johnston
Feb 1, 1970·The American Journal of Cardiology·N J Sissman
Apr 1, 1984·Developmental Biology·G S Butler-Browne, R G Whalen
Sep 8, 1980·FEBS Letters·B PopeA Weeds
May 1, 1984·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·V MahdaviB Nadal-Ginard
Apr 1, 1993·American Journal of Medical Genetics·R MatsuokaA Takao
Apr 25, 1995·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·I RaymentN D Epstein
Mar 1, 1995·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·M A Rudnicki, R Jaenisch
Oct 1, 1994·Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility·J I RushbrookJ Jacoby
Feb 28, 1995·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Hansjörg RindtJ Robbins

Related Concepts

Vertebrates
MYH2
Muscle Physiology
AKT1
IMMT
Structure-Activity Relationship
Myh10
Nsdhl
Tnnt1
Rb1

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved