Jun 28, 2000

The matrix metalloproteinase gelatinase A in human dentine

Archives of Oral Biology
S Martin-De Las HerasC M Overall


A dentine protein extraction protocol was modified in order to identify matrix metalloproteinase gelatinolytic activities in the non-mineralized and mineralized phases of human dentine. Dentine proteins from 24 individual permanent molars from patients aged 15-73 years were sequentially extracted, first with guanidinium chloride (G1 extract), then EDTA (E extract), and after this demineralization step, again by guanidinium chloride (G2 extract) to dissociate collagen-associated proteins. Extracts were analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the gels were processed by Western blotting and zymography to detect gelatinolytic activities. Active and latent forms of gelatinase A were identified in the non-mineralized dentine fraction (G1 extract) of 58% of the teeth. Other gelatinolytic species were also detected by zymography with apparent M(r) of 92, 54 and 30 kDa. Although gelatinase A was detected in the G1 extracts of teeth from all ages, indicating more recent synthesis and remodelling of the predentine, gelatinase A was never detected in any E extract or in the G2 extracts of patients older than 41 years. The presence of the active form of gelatinase A in mineralized human dentine implicates ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 Measurement
Western Blotting
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
Western Blot
Molar Tooth
Guanidine Hydrochloride

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