PMID: 37641May 4, 1979

The mechanism of epithelial shedding after ischemic damage to the small intestinal mucosa. A light and electron microscopic investigation

Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
R WagnerP Höhn


The intestinal mucosa of the rat was examined by light and electron microscopy 15, 30, 60 and 120 min after complete ligation of the vessel arcades of the proximal jejunum. The characteristic sign of ischemic damage to the small intestinal mucosa and the reason for epithelial shedding is the appearance of membrane enclosed cytoplasmic blebs which arise at the cell base of the enterocytes and detach the epithelium from the basement membrane. This process begins at the tip of the villi before the enterocytes display signs of irreversible damage and progress to the base of the villi with continuation of the ischemia.

Related Concepts

Basement Membrane
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Intestines, Small
Electron Microscopy
Natural Regeneration

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