PMID: 3283129May 15, 1988

The mechanism of glucose 6-phosphate transport by Escherichia coli.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
L A SonnaP C Maloney

Abstract

To evaluate anion exchange as the mechanistic basis of sugar phosphate transport, natural and artificial membranes were used in studies of glucose 6-phosphate (Glc-6-P) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) accumulation by the uhpT-encoded protein (UhpT) of Escherichia coli. Experiments with intact cells demonstrated that UhpT catalyzed the neutral exchange of internal and external Pi, and work with everted as well as right-side-out membrane vesicles showed further that UhpT mediated the heterologous exchange of Pi and Glc-6-P. When loaded with Pi, but not when loaded with morpholinopropanesulfonate (MOPS), everted vesicles took up Glc-6-P to levels 100-fold above medium concentration in a reaction unaffected by the ionophores valinomycin, valinomycin plus nigericin, and carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone. Similarly, right-side-out vesicles were capable of Glc-6-P transport, but only if a suitable internal countersubstrate was available. Thus, in MOPS-loaded vesicles, oxidative metabolism established a proton-motive force that supported proline or Pi accumulation, but transport of Glc-6-P was found only if vesicles could accumulate Pi during a preincubation. After reconstitution of UhpT into proteoliposomes it was possib...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Morpholinopropane sulfonic acid
Erythrosomes
Biological Transport
Ampholytes
Carbonyl Cyanide p-Trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone
Plasma Membrane
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Glucosephosphates
Kinetics
Niosomes

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