The mediating effects of self-esteem and coronary-prone behavior on problem solving and affect under low and high stress.

Behavioral Medicine
L Hubbs-Tait, C J Blodgett


Self-esteem and coronary-prone behavior were identified as two personality constructs related to different stress responses. It was hypothesized that in the case of low self-esteem Type A subjects the conflicting stress responses would have a particularly adverse effect on problem-solving behavior, mood, and self-perception. Subjects were 32 Type A and 32 Type B males evenly divided into high and low self-esteem groups. Half of the subjects in each group solved 10 matrix problems under high stress, half under low stress. Compared with high self-esteem Type As, low self-esteem Type As under high stress became more hostile and perceived themselves as more tense and more hurried. They also tended to make more errors. Results are interpreted as implying that low and high self-esteem Type A subjects are not psychologically homogeneous. It is suggested that the two groups may differ substantially in terms of cardiovascular risk.


Nov 1, 1978·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·G Weidner, K A Matthews
Jun 1, 1986·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T W Smith, N B Anderson
Aug 1, 1986·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·S E HobfollJ Leiberman
Aug 1, 1986·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·C J Holahan, R H Moos
May 1, 1985·Psychosomatic Medicine·T M DembroskiJ A Blumenthal
Aug 1, 1985·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·M J Strube, C L Lott
Jun 6, 1974·The New England Journal of Medicine·C D JenkinsS J Zyzanski
Nov 1, 1971·Journal of Chronic Diseases·C D JenkinsG L Cleveland
Sep 1, 1970·Journal of Personality·J S Shrauger, S E Rosenberg
Aug 1, 1968·Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology·C L Schalon
Oct 1, 1983·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·S C Kobasa, M C Puccetti
Dec 1, 1983·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·M J StrubeR Perrillo
Mar 1, 1983·Psychosomatic Medicine·J C BarefootR B Williams
May 1, 1983·Psychosomatic Medicine·R B ShekelleO Paul
Mar 1, 1983·Journal of Human Stress·K E Hart, J L Jamieson
Jul 1, 1983·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·J BrocknerA Mitchell
Jun 1, 1981·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·A G Billings, R H Moos
Jun 1, 1980·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·W R Lovallo, V Pishkin
Jul 1, 1980·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·M S Pittner, B K Houston
May 1, 1956·British Journal of Psychology·J C RAVEN
Apr 1, 1965·Psychological Reports·M ZUCKERMAN, B LUBIN

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jan 1, 1996·Journal of Psychosomatic Research·C J Frankish, W Linden
Oct 8, 2003·Journal of Holistic Nursing : Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association·Cynthia D Sofhauser

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.