PMID: 43143Nov 15, 1979

The metabolism of 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate in rat pancreatic islets

The Biochemical Journal
J C HuttonW J Malaisse


1. Radioactively labelled 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate was taken up by isolated pancreatic islets in a concentration- and pH-dependent manner and led to the intracellular accumulation of labelled amino acid and to a decrease in the intracellular pH. Uptake of 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate did not appear to be either electrogenic or Na+-dependent. The islet content of 2-oxo acid radioactivity was not affected by either 2-cyano-3-hydroxy-cinnamate (10mM) or pyruvate (10mM), although both these substances inhibited the oxidation of [U-14C]4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate by islet tissue. 2. 4-Methyl-2-oxopentanoate markedly stimulated islet-cell respiration, ketone-body formation and biosynthetic activity. The metabolism of endogenous nutrients by islets appeared to be little affected by the compound. 3. Studies with the 3H- and 14C-labelled substrate revealed that 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate was incorporated by islets into CO2, water, acetoacetate, L-leucine and to a lesser extent into islet protein and lipid. Carbon atoms C-2, C-3 and C-4 of the acetoacetate produced were derived from the carbon skeleton of the 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate, but the acetoacetate carboxy group was derived from the incorporation of CO2. These results, and consideration of...Continue Reading


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