Aug 24, 1976

The metal ion catalyzed decomposition of nucleoside diphosphate sugars

Biochemistry
H A Nunez, R Barker

Abstract

The metal ion catalysed decomposition of the nucleotide diphosphate sugars, uridine diphosphate glucose, uriding diphosphate galactose, uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine, guanosine diphosphate mannose, and guanosine diphosphate fucose (UDPGlc, UDPGal, UDPGlc-NAc, GDPMan, and GDPFuc, respectively), has been studies as a function of pH. UDPDlc and UDPGal decompose readily to the a,2-cycle phosphate derivative of the sugar and uridine 5'-phosphoric acid (UMP) in the presence of Mn2+. Under all conditions tested, UDPGal decomposes two to three times more rapidly than does UDPGlc. GDPFuc is slowly degraded to free fucose under similar conditions; the other nucleotide diphosphate sugars are stable. The rate of reaction increases with increasing hydroxide ion concentration from pH 6.5 to 7.9 and with metal ion concentration from 10 to 200 mm. Several metal ions are effective catalysts; at pH 7.5 WITH 20 mM UDPGal and 20 mM metal ion, the following apparent first-order rate constants (min-1 x 10(4)) were obtained: Eu3+ 700; Mn2+, 70; Co2+ 27; Zn2+, 22; Ca2+, 3.0; Cu2+, 2.4; and Mg2+, 0. It appears that Mn2+ concentrations that have been used in studies with nucleotide diphosphate sugars at neutral pH can catalyze significant deco...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Cations, Divalent
Structure-Activity Relationship
Uracil Nucleotides
Hydroxides
Guanosine Diphosphate Fucose
Uridine Diphosphate Glucose
Nucleoside Diphosphate Sugars
Uridine Diphosphate Galactose
Uridine Diphosphate N-Acetylglucosamine

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