Mar 13, 2019

The methionine salvage pathway-involving ADI1 inhibits hepatoma growth by epigenetically altering genes expression via elevating S-adenosylmethionine

Cell Death & Disease
Yu-De ChuChau-Ting Yeh

Abstract

The 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) cycle-participating human acireductone dioxygenase 1 (ADI1) has been implicated as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer, yet its role remains unclear in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we demonstrated a significant reduction of ADI1, either in protein or mRNA level, in HCC tissues. Additionally, higher ADI1 levels were associated with favorable postoperative recurrence-free survival in HCC patients. By altering ADI1 expression in HCC cells, a negative correlation between ADI1 and cell proliferation was observed. Cell-based and xenograft experiments were performed by using cells overexpressing ADI1 mutants carrying mutations at the metal-binding sites (E94A and H133A, respectively), which selectively disrupted differential catalytic steps, resulting in staying or leaving the MTA cycle. The results showed that the growth suppression effect was mediated by accelerating the MTA cycle. A cDNA microarray analysis followed by verification experiments identified that caveolin-1 (CAV1), a growth-promoting protein in HCC, was markedly decreased upon ADI1 overexpression. Suppression of CAV1 expression was mediated by an increase of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) level. The methylation status of CAV1 pr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Microarray Analysis
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Genome
Genes
RNA, Untranslated
ADI1
Promoter
Calcium Channel
Metals

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