May 29, 2019

The methyl cycle is a conserved regulator of biological clocks.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jean-Michel FustinHitoshi Okamura

Abstract

The methyl cycle is a universally conserved metabolic pathway operating in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In this pathway, the amino acid methionine is used to synthesize S-adenosylmethionine, the methyl donor co-substrate in the methylation of nucleic acids, histone and non-histone proteins and many other molecules within the cell. The methylation of nucleic acids and proteins is the foundation of epigenetic and epitranscriptomic regulations of gene expression, but whether the methyl cycle centrally regulates gene expression and function by controlling the availability of methyl moieties is poorly understood. From cyanobacteria to humans, a circadian clock that involves an exquisitely regulated transcription-translation-feedback loop driving oscillations in gene expression and orchestrating physiology and behavior has been described. We reported previously that inhibition of the methyl cycle in mammalian cells caused the lengthening of the period of these oscillations, suggesting the methyl cycle may indeed act as a central regulator of gene expression, at least in mammals. Here, we investigated whether the methyl cycle, given its universal presence among living beings, regulates the circadian clock in species across the phylogen...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Embryo
Biochemical Pathway
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Methylate
Active Moiety
Gene Expression
Brainwave Biofeedback
Metabolic Syndrome Pathway

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