PMID: 36591Jun 1, 1979

The microbiology of serous and mucoid otitis media

Pediatrics
G S GiebinkP G Quie

Abstract

One hundred forty-four serous and mucoid effusions were cultured for aerobic bacteria, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and virus. Thirty percent of all effusions yielded an unequivocally positive culture for aerobic bacteria. Although serous effusions were culture positive as often as mucoid effusions, Haemophilus influenzae was isolated predominantly from serous effusions and Staphylococcus epidermidis predominantly from mucoid samples. Only one of 73 effusions yielded a viral isolate (Herpesvirus hominis). None of 33 effusions yielded M pneumoniae, and only one of 17 effusions yielded an anaerobe (Propionibacterium). These findings suggest that aerobic bacteria may play a role in the pathogensis of serous and mucoid otitis media.

Related Concepts

Bacterial Infections
Bacteriological Techniques
Corynebacterium Infections
Exudates and Transudates
Haemophilus Infections
Haemophilus influenzae
Otitis Media
Serous Otitis Media
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcus aureus

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