Dec 1, 1988

The modulation of the ionic selectivity of the light-sensitive current in isolated rods of the tiger salamander

The Journal of Physiology
L CervettoV Torre

Abstract

1. By using the method of Hodgkin, McNaughton & Nunn (1985) for rapidly changing the extracellular medium, we analysed the effect of the organic compound IBMX (3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine) on the movement of divalent cations through the light-sensitive channels of isolated retinal rods of the tiger salamander. 2. When the rod is treated with 0.5 mM-IBMX it is possible to observe photocurrents larger than 50 pA carried by Ba2+, Sr2+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+. Under these conditions Ca2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+ carry photocurrents of similar amplitude, while Ba2+ and Sr2+ usually carry larger photocurrents. 3. The movement of Mn2+ through the light-sensitive channel, which is hardly detected under normal conditions, can also be observed after treating the rod for a few seconds with a solution containing 35 mM[Na+]o and 10(-7) M[Ca2+]o. Under these conditions the photocurrent carried by Mn2+ is fully saturated in the presence of 1 mM-extracellular Mn2+. 4. When the rod is pre-treated with an extracellular solution containing 0.5 mM-IBMX the maximal photocurrent which can be carried by 10 mM [Ca2+]o increases from about 10 pA to approximately 200 pA. In these conditions the half-activation of the Ca2+ current is between 1 and 10 mM, that is 20-5...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cations, Divalent
Extracellular
Calcium
Bulbophyllum aff. atropurpureum Menini s.n.
Testosterone 5-alpha-Reductase
Calcium ion
Ions
Ambystoma tigrinum
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
Ion Channel

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